Caption: Artist's reconstruction of activities on the Pueblo Grande platform mound, by Michael Hampshire.
Desert Farmers at the River's Edge
The Hohokam and Pueblo Grande
by John P. Andrews and Todd W. Bostwick
Copyright © 2000
City of Phoenix
All rights reserved.
Library of Congress Catalog Card Number: 99-74031
Table of Contents
About the Authors
The First Americans of the Southwest
The Advent of the Hohokam
Hohokam Cultural Sequence
The Sonoran Desert
The Pueblo Grande Village
Harvesting the Desert
Of Dirt and Wood
Ritual, Ceremony and the Elite
Craft Production and Artistry
Ceramics, Effigies and Figurines
A Flow of Goods and Ideas
Ideology and Worldview
The Disappearance of the Hohokam?
About the Authors
John P. Andrews is an archaeologist serving as the Coordinator of Public Programs at Pueblo Grande Museum and Archaeological Park. He is responsible for all educational and public programs at the Museum. John received his bachelor's degree in anthropology and a certificate in museum studies from Central Michigan University. His interests in archaeology include Great Lakes and Southwest archaeology and public education.
Todd W. Bostwick is the Phoenix City Archaeologist and has his office at Pueblo Grande Museum. He is responsible for managing hundreds of archaeological sites found within the city's 460-square mile area and is the editor of the Pueblo Grande Museum Anthropological Papers. Todd received his bachelor's degree in anthropology from the University of Nevada-Reno and a master's degree in anthropology from Arizona State University, specializing in the archaeology of the Southwest. His interests include Hohokam rock art, archaeoastronomy, ideology, craft production and trade and ruins stabilization.
Desert Farmers at the River's Edge: The Hohokam and Pueblo Grande is about the people who once lived at the prehistoric village known today as Pueblo Grande. The story of these people, the Hohokam, is presented here for a general audience. Characteristics of the Hohokam culture are briefly discussed and specific information about Pueblo Grande is summarized.
Topics discussed in this book include Hohokam cultural origins, environment, subsistence, domestic architecture, monumental and public architecture, material culture, trade networks, ideology and cultural collapse. Integrated throughout each topic is information regarding archaeological evidence from Pueblo Grande.
The adobe and stone ruins located at 4619 E. Washington St. in Phoenix have been recognized as a prehistoric village since the 1860s. Archaeologists have probed these buried deposits since the 1880s, and the City of Phoenix has preserved the central portion of the site since 1924. In the mid-1960s, the Pueblo Grande platform mound and Park of Four Waters were nominated to the National Register of Historic Places.
Much of what is known now about Pueblo Grande is new information resulting from two recent archaeological investigations. One of these projects is an ongoing archival study of unpublished excavation data, collected from 1929 to 1981, from the city of Phoenix portion of the Pueblo Grande site. This 102-acre area comprises the Pueblo Grande Museum and Archaeological Park. The other project consisted of the Arizona Department of Transportation sponsored excavation in 1989 and 1990 within the right-of-way of State Route 143, known as the Hohokam Expressway. The latter project, which included the eastern portion of the prehistoric Pueblo Grande village site but outside today's archaeological park boundaries, was undertaken by Soil Systems, Inc., an archaeological consulting firm.
More detailed information about the Hohokam and Pueblo Grande can be obtained from the many research reports generated from these projects. See the recommended reading list at the end of this book for a selection of general and technical books about the Hohokam and the archaeological site of Pueblo Grande. This book was produced by Pueblo Grande Museum and printed by the City of Phoenix Printing Services, City Clerk Department.